Gymnocladus dioicus

Kentucky Coffeetree

Tips for Homeowners:

The tree does produce suckers and in nature will colonize if left to spread.  Remove seed pod litter.

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The large leaves are late to leaf in the spring and early to drop in the fall, but this native is stunning with its wavy branches and its presence in the landscape.

  • Tough and durable
  • Fine-textured foliage
  • Distinctive, rough bark
  • Yellow in fall

Suitable for large lawns and parks.

Height: 60-80 ft
Spread: 40-55 ft
Zone: 3-8
Color: Green, White

Interesting Notes about Kentucky Coffeetree:

The Kentucky Coffeetree has separate male and female trees, the female trees have 5-inch pods and the male trees do not which is why it is the most popular.  The seed pods hanging in the tree can be quite pretty plus the seeds are edible ONLY if roasted.  Best to be careful because seeds and the pulp around the seeds can be toxic.

Characteristics & Attributes


  • Specimen
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Native
  • Attractive fruit
  • Fall Color
  • Naturalizing
  • Great Foliage

Foliage Color:

  • Dark Green
  • Yellow


  • Full Sun


  • Upright

Season of Interest (Flowering):

  • Spring

Season of Interest (Foliage):

  • Fall

Soil Moisture:

  • Average Water