Maclura pomifera 'Wichita'

Osage Orange

Tips for Homeowners:

Fast growing cultivar with tendency to colonize.

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Young, vigorous plants may have some thorns, but they disappear with age. This introduction is from the K-State John C. Pair Horticultural Center in Haysville, KS.

  • Male cultivar, fruitless
  • Nearly thornless
  • Tough and durable

Plant where the tree has plenty of room to grow as a hedge or windbreak.

Height: 40-60 ft
Spread: 30-40 ft
Zone: 4-9
Color: Green

Interesting Notes about Osage Orange:

Historically Osage Orange was a tree most associated as a barrier along a fencerow in days gone by.  It was a great way to keep the cows in and bandits out because of its spreading nature and the thorns, but eventually this method of exclusion was replaced with barbed wire.  Currently this tree is used in challenging soils, as a windbreak or as a hedge where it is out of harms way in large open spaces.  Male and female trees are needed to produce fruit on the female tree.  Some thorns may occur on young wood even on the thornless cultivars.

Characteristics & Attributes


  • Drought Tolerant
  • Mass Planting
  • Disease Resistant
  • Fast Growing
  • Naturalizing
  • Great Foliage
  • Fall Color

Foliage Color:

  • Yellow
  • Green


  • Full Sun

Critter Resistance:

  • Deer Resistant


  • Upright

Season of Interest (Foliage):

  • Fall

Soil Moisture:

  • Average Water