Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata'

European Hornbeam

Tips for Homeowners:

If grown as a tree it will need very little pruning, but if grown as a hedge the plant will take hard pruning.  Pruning is best done in late summer to midwinter.

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A handsome tree with a columnar form with lush green leaves in the summer and gold leaves in the fall, plus the smooth gray bark is a real standout in the winter.

  • Upright growth habit
  • Golden fall color
  • Extremely hard wood

Plant in yards either big or small or train as a hedge.  Best for eastern and central Kansas, needs protection in western Kansas.

Height: 35-45 ft
Spread: 25-35 ft
Zone: 4-8
Color: Green, Yellow

Interesting Notes about European Hornbeam:

This tree is as close to problem free as any and is very popular because of it.  It is slow-growing and will eventually be quite large, but can still be used in areas with limited space.  It is tough and can tolerate drought, poor soils and pollution. 

Characteristics & Attributes


  • Disease Resistant
  • Fall Color
  • Naturalizing
  • Great Foliage
  • Winter Interest
  • Low Maintenance
  • Specimen
  • Slow Growing
  • Drought Tolerant

Foliage Color:

  • Green
  • Gold


  • Full Sun
  • Partial Sun

Critter Resistance:

  • Deer Resistant


  • Upright

Season of Interest (Foliage):

  • Fall

Soil Moisture:

  • Average Water