Quercus bicolor

Swamp White Oak

Tips for Homeowners:

Prune if needed when tree is dormant.  May have to clean up acorn litter.

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An attractive shade tree that has unique bicolor leaves and showy fall color.

  • Yellow to red fall color
  • Prefers moist, acidic soils
  • Stately shade tree

A tree best used in large open spaces in a large landscape or for naturalizing in wet soils.  Will grow best in eastern and central Kansas. 

Height: 50-60 ft
Spread: 50-60 ft
Zone: 3-8
Color: Green

Interesting Notes about Swamp White Oak:

Swamp white oak grows naturally in low-lying wet areas, but in the home landscape will tolerate drought.  Though this oak does prefer acidic soils it will tolerate slightly alkaline soils, but it may develop iron chlorosis if soil is too sweet as is the case for soils of central and western Kansas.  The species name of 'bicolor' is attributed to the leaf color being green on top surface and silvery underside.  

Characteristics & Attributes


  • Naturalizing
  • Attractive fruit
  • Low Maintenance
  • Specimen
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Great Foliage
  • Fall Color

Foliage Color:

  • White
  • Green
  • Silver
  • Yellow
  • Purple


  • Full Sun

Attracts Wildlife:

  • Attracts Songbirds


  • Upright

Season of Interest (Foliage):

  • Fall

Soil Moisture:

  • Average Water
  • Moist, Well-Drained