Carpinus caroliniana

American Hornbeam

Tips for Homeowners:

A very low maintenance tree.

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Leaves on this tree begin red to purple in the spring, turning dark green in the summer and once again in the fall the leaves turn yellow to orange-red.

  • Versatile, small tree for natural landscapes
  • Yellow-orange-red in fall
  • Attractive, smooth bluish-gray bark

Best for naturalizing as an understory tree.

Height: 20-35 ft
Spread: 20-35 ft
Zone: 3-9
Color: Green, White

Interesting Notes about American Hornbeam:

This tree is slow-growing and grows best as an understory tree in shady situations.  It prefers moist, organically rich soils and is most at home in natural settings.

Characteristics & Attributes


  • Mass Planting
  • Disease Resistant
  • Fall Color
  • Naturalizing
  • Great Foliage
  • Low Maintenance
  • Winter Interest

Foliage Color:

  • Yellow
  • Orange
  • Red
  • Green
  • Purple


  • Partial Sun
  • Full Shade

Attracts Wildlife:

  • Attracts Songbirds

Critter Resistance:

  • Deer Resistant


  • Upright

Season of Interest (Foliage):

  • Fall

Soil Moisture:

  • Moist, Well-Drained